What are the copyright issues in recording a lecture?
A lecture recording may contain content created by employees, students or third parties. For content created by a lecturer (employee), copyright belongs to the employer (unless an agreement stating otherwise is in place) therefore this content can be recorded and made available as required.
Content created by a third party (e.g. students, guest lecturers or other creator) will belong, in the first instance, to the third party and permission or a licence will be required to include in a recording unless use of the material falls under a statutory exception such as fair dealing for criticism, review and quotation. See 'Copyright Guidelines for Lecture Recording' for further guidance.
Off-air recordings can now be made through Box of Broadcasts (BoB) - an off-air recording and media service for member institutions of the British Universities Film & Video Council that hold an ERA+ licence. This TV scheduling service allows you to record TV and radio programmes that are scheduled to be broadcast over the next seven days as well as retrieving programmes from the last seven days from a selected list of recorded channels.
Following recent discussions with the BBC and Channel 4, changes have been made to the terms and conditions applicable to the access of the above channels online services. The ERA licence has been extended to cover the BBC iPlayer and Channel 4's 4onDemand service allowing recording and access to recordings of Online Services for educational purposes.
The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 (CDPA) provides an exception for showing a film for the purposes of instruction. Where a film is being shown at the University to an audience limited to lecturers, students or other persons directly connected with the activities of the University for the purposes of instruction, then this is covered by the CDPA.
If the audience is not limited as given above, and the purpose of showing the film is for promotion or entertainment (e.g. an open day or film club), then further permission may be required. However, the Unversity has and Motion Picture Licensing Corporation (MPLC) umbrella licence which covers the screening of films in film clubs and events, provided that the viewing is limited to members of the University and is not advertised to the public. Please note that not all production companies are covered by the MPLC, therefore in some cases you may need to contact the rightsholders direct for permission to screen a film.
There will usually be more than one copyright associated with a sound recording; the composer of the music will have copyright in the music and the lyrics of a song are protected as a literary work. Duration of copyright in original musical and literary works lasts for 70 years from the end of the year in which the creator dies. Additionally there is copyright in the recording itself which lasts for 50 years from the end of the year in which the sound recording was made. This is about to change. From 1st November 2013, the period of protection for sound recordings will be extended to 70 years when the Rights in Performance Regulations 2013 come into force.
Can sound recordings be copied?
The following exceptions under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 apply to sound recordings:
JISC Strategic Content Alliance (SCA) IPR and Licensing module learning object Accessing and Using Third Party Content provides an excellent introduction to using third party digital content.
The animation below is copyright HEFCE, 2008 and is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivative Works 2.0 UK England and Wales licence.
A short video outlining the position of UK copyright law on issues such as copying, file sharing, format shifting backups and other common uses of IP. Some of these things are permitted but others are currently prohibited.
Created by Bartolomeo Meletti with support from the Department of Law at Bournemouth University.
The information contained within these pages is intended as a general guide and an interpretation of current copyright issues. It is not intended and should not be construed as legal advice.
JISC Strategic Content Alliance IPR Toolkit
This IPR and Licensing module has been developed by the Strategic Content Alliance for staff working in public sector bodies to introduce them to the concepts of copyright and other Intellectual Property Rights.
A Guide to using Broadcasts for Educational purposes (Educational Recording Agency)